I’m not sure how the other occupy movements handle decision making, but in Occupy Oakland they have formed a set of guidelines how actions are voted upon at their daily General Assembly meeting which have had roughly 1,000 to 3,000 each night. So far I am surprised at how organized these assemblies have been. Its not an easy thing to get a group of thousands to gather and collectively speak and vote on certain topics. Below are the working guidelines the general assembly uses to vote and pass proposals.
Committees needed for the functioning of the GA:
- ·Facilitators Working Group (FWG): Responsible for finding facilitators for our GA, responsible for refining our decision making process and structure, and organizing the structure of the agenda for the GA; it does not determine the content of the agenda. FWG will also help hold ongoing facilitation trainings twice a week through the Raheim Brown Free School.
(FWG will have an open meeting every day at noon, under the trees in the small plaza near the flower shop– the first half hour will be reserved for concerns and suggestions)
- ·Coordinating Committee (CoCo)*: CoCo gathers the content of the agenda of the GA. It is responsible for taking proposals, concerns, and announcements from committees and other groups in Occupy Oakland to the FWG. (please see below under “decision making process” for further details on this.) CoCo is independent of the FWG.
*this committee needs to be formed and does not exist yet
Proposed agenda for GAs:
- ·Welcome & Opener
- ·Agenda Overview, overview of process and hand signals
- ·Committee announcements
- ·Action announcements
- ·Proposals from committees
- ·Proposals from other groups, caucuses, affinity groups, etc.
- ·General announcements (open)
Decision Making Process (Proposals)
The below decision making process is a modified consensus process, which means it strives for full consensus (100% agreement) by allowing ample time to discuss everyone’s questions and concerns and make amendments, but will accept less than 100% consensus if after addressing questions and concerns, consensus cannot be reached. (see the step by step process below for details.)
Only Occupy Oakland committees or groups (which we define as 3 or more people who are a part of Occupy Oakland) may make proposals to the General Assembly. The proposal made to the assembly must have 100% consensuswithin that group or committee and must have 3 members attending the GA to present the proposal (all three or more people must speak). The proposal must be written down or said aloud to the proposal note-taker at the GA(there is a proposal box at the info tent). If it becomes apparent that the group giving a proposal needs to gather more information or take more into consideration, the coordinating committee may have them bring their proposal back for later.
*Note: In order for the GA to make a decision on a proposal, at least 50 people should be present (this may be amended as the occupation goes on).
Step by step of decision making process:
1. proposal: written and presented as thoroughly as possible
2. stack: clarifying questions*, pros and cons, suggested amendments (with full explanation)
3. test for consensus; 90% passes proposal
- ·if 90% approval is not reached, consider friendly amendments and repeat steps 1-3 and try for 80% approval to pass proposal
*clarifying questions can be immediately addressed by those giving the proposal
note: facilitator may use tools such as a straw poll, group break out discussions, according to their discretion
GA Facilitation Roles (these will be rotating):
-Co-facilitators: core facilitation, announcing agenda items
-Coordinating Committee presenters: gives brief summaries of subcommittee announcements
-Participant advocators: addresses points-of-process concerns and factual responses from crowd, counts during tests for consensus, directs people to stage to speak, answers questions about decision making process
-Note-taker: takes notes of announcements and decisions made during assembly, gets notes to the web committee
-proposal note-taker: takes down new proposals for the current GA or a later agenda
-Time-keeper: holds up visual reminders of time available for speakers and announcements
Most recently, they general Assembly passed a vote on Wednesday for a city-wide strike on November 2nd.